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2021.07.15 17:33


window

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Contents

1 English 1.1 Etymology 1.2 Pronunciation 1.3 Noun 1.3.1 Coordinate terms 1.3.2 Derived terms 1.3.3 Related terms 1.3.4 Translations 1.4 Verb

English [ edit ]

window (disambiguation) on Wikipedia A window , viewed from inside.

Etymology [ edit ]

From Middle English windowe , windohe , windoge , from Old Norse vindauga ( window , literally wind-eye", "wind-aperture", "wind-hole ) , i.e. ( "air-hole" ) , equivalent to wind +‎ eye . Cognate with Scots wyndo , wyndok , winnock ( window ) , Faroese vindeyga ( window ) , Norwegian Nynorsk vindauga , Norwegian Bokmål vindu ( window ) , Danish vindue ( window ) , Swedish vindöga ( window ) , Elfdalian windog and older German Windauge . The “windows” among early Germanic peoples were just unglazed holes (eyes) in the wall or roof that permitted wind to pass through ( Can this ( + ) etymology be sourced ?) . Superseded Middle English fenestre , fenester ( window ) borrowed from Old French fenestre ( window )

Pronunciation [ edit ]

( UK ) IPA ( key ) : /ˈwɪndəʊ/ Audio (UK) ( file ) ( US ) enPR : wĭnʹdō , IPA ( key ) : /ˈwɪndoʊ/ , [ˈwɪɾ̃oʊ] Audio (US) ( file ) ( some accents ) enPR : wĭnʹdə , IPA ( key ) : /ˈwɪndə/ Rhymes: -ɪndəʊ Hyphenation: win‧dow

Noun [ edit ]

English Wikipedia has articles on: window and Window (computing) Wikipedia Wikipedia

window ( countable and uncountable , plural windows )

An opening, usually covered by one or more panes of clear glass, to allow light and air from outside to enter a building or vehicle. 1879 , R[ichard] J[efferies] , chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher , London: Smith, Elder, & Co. , [ ] , OCLC 752825175 : But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ [ ] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, and a 'bead' could be drawn upon Molly, the dairymaid, kissing the fogger behind the hedge, [ ] . 1952 , L. F. Salzman , Building in England , p.173: A window is an opening in a wall to admit light and air. 1963 , Margery Allingham , chapter 14, in The China Governess ‎ [1] : Nanny Broome was looking up at the outer wall. Just under the ceiling there were three lunette windows , heavily barred and blacked out in the normal way by centuries of grime. An opening, usually covered by glass, in a shop which allows people to view the shop and its products from outside; a shop window . 1915 , G[eorge] A. Birmingham [pseudonym; James Owen Hannay], chapter I, in Gossamer , New York, N.Y.: George H. Doran Company , OCLC 5661828 : There is an hour or two, after the passengers have embarked, which is disquieting and fussy. [ ] Passengers wander restlessly about or hurry, with futile energy, from place to place. Pushing men hustle each other at the windows of the purser's office, under pretence of expecting letters or despatching telegrams. ( architecture ) The shutter , casement , sash with its fittings, or other framework , which closes a window opening. A period of time when something is available. launch window ;  window of opportunity;  You have a two-hour window of clear weather to finish working on the lawn. 2018 July 8, Euan McKirdy & Hilary Whiteman, “Thai cave rescue: Divers enter cave to free boys”, in edition.cnn.com ‎ [2] , CNN, retrieved 2018-07-08 : But rescuers have a dwindling window of opportunity, with forecasters predicting the return of heavy monsoon rains in the coming days, effectively sealing off the cave until October. 2017 August 25, Euan McKirdy et al, “Arrest warrant to be issued for former Thai PM Yingluck Shinawatra”, in edition.cnn.com ‎ [3] , CNN, retrieved 2017-08-25 : Now she'll be thinking about fleeing. (The verdict delay) provides a window for potential flight .if she has not fled already. 2019 November 6, “Network News”, in Rail , page 26: An extensive period of trial running will then take place in the first quarter of 2020. The full opening of the Elizabeth Line is still planned to be within a six-month window between October 2020 and March 2021. A restricted range. 2015 , Patrick R. Nicolas, Scala for Machine Learning (page 109) In this case, a band-pass filter using a range or window of frequencies is appropriate to isolate the frequency or the group of frequencies that characterize a specific cycle. ( graphical user interface ) A rectangular area on a computer terminal or screen containing some kind of user interface , displaying the output of and allowing input for one of a number of simultaneously running computer processes . A figure formed of lines crossing each other. 1709 , William King , Art of Cookery till he has windows on his bread and butter ( medicine ) The time between first infection and detectability. ( military , historical , uncountable ) Synonym of chaff ( strips of material intended to confuse radar )

Coordinate terms [ edit ]

door

Derived terms [ edit ]

Terms derived from window (noun) bay window bow window cabinet window casement window Catherine-wheel window compass window dormer window electric window French window , french window gable window garret window go out of the window , go out the window Jesse window Judas window , judas window lancet window lattice window launch window loop-window low side window lucarne window luthern-window maintenance window make a better door than a window mezzanine window mullion window Norman window ogive window oriel window picture window re-entry window rose window sash window shop window show window storm window therapeutic window transfer window transom window trap window trellis window unwindow unwindowed weather window window bar window blind window box window cleaner window curtain window detector window display window dresser window-dressing windowed window envelope window frame windowfront window gardening window glass windowing window ledge windowless windowlike window manager window of opportunity window on the world window pane , windowpane window plant Windows window sash window screen window seat window-shopping window sill , windowsill window swallow window tax window washer

Related terms [ edit ]

wind

Translations [ edit ]

opening for light and air Abkhaz: аԥенџьыр ( apendž̍ər ) Adyghe: шъхьангъупчъэ ( ŝḥānġ°pčă ) Afar: taagat Afrikaans: venster Akkadian: 𒀊 f ( aptu, AB ) Albanian: dritare (sq) f Amharic: መስኮት ( mäskot ) Arabic: نَافِذَة f ( nāfiḏa ) , شُبَّاك m ( šubbāk ) , طَاقَة (ar) f ( ṭāqa ) Algerian Arabic: تاقة ‎ Egyptian Arabic: شباك m ( šebbāk, šobbāk ) Gulf Arabic: دريشة f ( dirīša ) Hijazi Arabic: شباك m ( šubbāk ) Iraqi Arabic: شباج m ( šubbāč ) Lebanese Arabic: شباك m ( šibbēk ) Moroccan Arabic: طاقة f ( ṭāqa ) , تاقة f ( tāqa ) , شبيك m ( šubbīk ) , شرجم m , سرجم m , سرجب m , شرجب m Aragonese: finestra f Armenian: պատուհան (hy) ( patuhan ) , լուսամուտ (hy) ( lusamut ) , փանջարա (hy) ( pʿanǰara ) Aromanian: firidã f , fireastrã f Assamese: খিৰিকী ( khiriki ) Asturian: ventana (ast) f Atayal: nyaway Avar: гордо ( gordo ) Azerbaijani: pəncərə (az) Baba Malay: menyelah Bakhtiari: بنجه ( banja ) Baluchi: دریگ ( darīg ) , دریچگ ( darīčag ) , دریچه ( darīča ) Banjarese: lalungkang Bashkir: тәҙрә ( täðrä ) Basque: leiho Belarusian: акно́ n ( aknó ) , вакно́ n ( vaknó ) , аке́нца n ( akjénca ) ( diminutive ) Bengali: জানালা ( janala ) Bikol Central: bintana Breton: prenestr (br) m Brunei Malay: tabuk Bulgarian: прозо́рец (bg) m ( prozórec ) , окно́ n ( oknó ) ( dated ) , о́кно n ( ókno ) ( dated ) Burmese: ပြတင်းပေါက် (my) ( pra.tang:pauk ) , လေသာပေါက် (my) ( lesapauk ) Buryat: сонхо ( sonxo ) Catalan: finestra (ca) f Chamicuro: wentana Chechen: кор ( kor ) Cherokee: ᏦᎳᏅ ( tsolanv ) , ᏦᎳᏂ ( tsolani ) Chichewa: zenera Chickasaw: aahashtahli' , winda' Chinese: Cantonese: ( coeng 1 ) , 窗門 , 窗门 ( coeng 1 mun 4-2 ) Dungan: чуонхў ( čuonhw ) , чуонзы ( čuonzɨ ) Hakka: 窗仔 ( chhûng-é ) , 窗門 , 窗门 ( chhûng-mùn ) Mandarin: 窗戶 (zh) , 窗户 (zh) ( chuānghù ) , 窗口 (zh) ( chuāngkǒu ) , 窗子 (zh) ( chuāngzi ) , (zh) ( yǒu ) ( literary ) , (zh) ( chuāng ) ( literary ) , (zh) , (zh) ( xuān ) ( literary ) , (zh) , (zh) ( lóng ) ( literary ) Min Dong: 檻門囝 , 槛门囝 ( kāng-muòng-giāng ) , 檻門 , 槛门 ( kāng-muòng ) , ( chŏng ) Min Nan: 窗仔門 (zh-min-nan) , 窗仔门 ( thang-á-mn̂g, thang-á-mûi ) , (zh-min-nan) ( thang ) Wu: 窗頭 , 窗头 ( tshaan deu ) , 窗門 , 窗门 ( tshaan men ) Chukchi: ӄэргычьын ( qėrgyčʹyn ) Chulym: täräčä Chuvash: чӳрече ( čüreč̬e ) Classical Syriac: ܟܘܬܐ f ( kawwəṯā ) Coptic: ϣⲟⲩϣⲧ m ( šoušt ) , ⲭⲁⲑⲏⲟⲩ m ( khathēou ) Cornish: fenester Corsican: finestra (co) f Crimean Tatar: pencere Czech: okno (cs) n Dalmatian: finiastra f Danish: vindue (da) n , rude (da) c Dhivehi: ކުޑަ ދޮރު ( kuḍa doru ) Dutch: raam (nl) n , venster (nl) n , ruit (nl) f Eastern Mari: тӧрза ( törza ) Emilian: ( Carpi ) fnèstra m Erzya: вальма ( valʹma ) Esperanto: fenestro (eo) Estonian: aken (et) f Ewe: fesre Extremaduran: please add this translation if you can Faroese: vindeyga n Finnish: ikkuna (fi) French: fenêtre (fr) f Friulian: balcon m Gagauz: pencerä Galician: xanela (gl) f , fiestra (gl) f , ventá (gl) f Georgian: ფანჯარა (ka) ( panǯara ) , სარკმელი (ka) ( sarḳmeli ) German: Fenster (de) n , Windauge , Luke (de) f Alemannic German: Fäischter n Gothic: 𐌰𐌿𐌲𐌰𐌳𐌰𐌿𐍂𐍉 n ( augadaurō ) Greek: παράθυρο (el) n ( paráthyro ) Ancient: θυρίς f ( thurís ) Greenlandic: igalaaq Guaraní: ovetã Gujarati: બારી ( bārī ) Haitian Creole: fenèt Hausa: taga f Hawaiian: pukaaniani Hebrew: חַלּוֹן (he) m ( khalón ) Hindi: खिड़की (hi) f ( khiṛkī ) , बारी (hi) f ( bārī ) , झरोखा (hi) m ( jharokhā ) , वातायन (hi) m ( vātāyan ) , जालक (hi) m ( jālak ) Hungarian: ablak (hu) Icelandic: gluggi (is) m Ido: fenestro (io) Igbo: mpịo Indonesian: ventilasi (id) , jendela (id) Ingrian: ikkuna Ingush: кор ( kor ) Interlingua: fenestra Irish: fuinneog (ga) f Isan: please add this translation if you can Italian: finestra (it) f Japanese: (ja) ( まど, mado ) , ( cashier window ) 窓口 (ja) ( まどぐち, madoguchi ) , ウィンドウ (ja) ( windō ) Javanese: jendhéla , cendhéla Kabardian: щхьэгъубжэ ( ŝḥăġ°bžă ) Kabuverdianu: janéla Kalmyk: терз ( terz ) Kannada: ಕಿಟಕಿ (kn) ( kiṭaki ) Kanuri: tágà Kapampangan: awang Karachay-Balkar: терезе ( tereze ) Karelian: ikkun Kashubian: òkno n Kazakh: терезе (kk) ( tereze ) Khakas: кӧзенек ( kӧzenek ) Khmer: បង្អួច (km) ( bɑngʼuəc ) Khoekhoe: mûǂûi-daos Kholosi: daliča Komi-Permyak: ӧшын ( öšyn ) , ӧшинь ( öšinʹ ) Korean: (ko) ( chang ) , ( cashier window ) 창구 (ko) ( changgu ) ( 窓口 (ko) ), 창문 (ko) ( changmun ) Kumyk: терезе ( tereze ) Kurdish: Central Kurdish: پەنجەرە (ku) ( pencere ) Northern Kurdish: pencere (ku) f Kyrgyz: терезе (ky) ( tereze ) Ladino: ventana f Lao: ປ່ອງຢ້ຽມ (lo) ( pǭng yīam ) Latgalian: lūgs m Latin: fenestra (la) f Latvian: logs (lv) m Limburgish: raam (li) m Lingala: lininísa 5 or 6 Lithuanian: langas (lt) m Luganda: eddirisa Luxembourgish: Fënster (lb) f Lü: please add this translation if you can Macedonian: прозорец m ( prozorec ) , прозор m ( prozor ) , окно n ( okno ) , пенџере n ( pendžere ) , пенџер m ( pendžer ) Maguindanao: paliwangan Malagasy: varavarana (mg) , varavarankely (mg) Malay: Jawi: تيڠکڤ ‎, جنديلا ‎ Rumi: tingkap , jendela Malayalam: ജനൽ (ml) ( janal ) , ജാലകം (ml) ( jālakaṃ ) , വാതായനം (ml) ( vātāyanaṃ ) ( literary ) Maltese: tieqa (mt) f Manchu: ᡶᠠ ( fa ) Mandinka: janerango Manx: uinnag f Maori: whatitoka , matapihi , mataaho , wini Marathi: खिडकी (mr) f ( khiḍkī ) Mari: Eastern Mari: окна ( okna ) , тӧрза ( törza ) Mirandese: jinela f Moksha: вальмя ( valʹmja ) Mongolian: цонх (mn) ( tsonkh ) Navajo: tsésǫʼ Neapolitan: fenesta f Nepali: झ्याल f ( jhyāl ) Norman: ( Jersey ) f'nêtre f , f'nêt' f , ( Guernsey ) f'nête , ( Sark ) fneetr f North Frisian: Föhr-Amrum: wöning n Helgoland: Fenster n Mooring: waning n Northern Sami: láseráigi , glássa Northern Thai: please add this translation if you can Norwegian: Bokmål: vindu (no) n Nynorsk: vindauge (nn) n , vindauga (nn) n Occitan: fenèstra (oc) f Ojibwe: waasechigan Old Church Slavonic: Cyrillic: окно n ( okno ) Old East Slavic: окъно n ( okŭno ) Old English: ēagþȳrel n Old Norse: vindauga n Old Portuguese: fẽestra Oriya: ଝରକା (or) ( jhôrôka ) Oromo: foddaa Ossetian: рудзынг ( ruʒyng ) Ottoman Turkish: پنجره ( pencere ) Papiamentu: bentana Pashto: کړکۍ (ps) f ( karhkay ) Persian: پنجره (fa) ( panjere, panjare ) , کلکین (fa) ( Afghanistan ) Plautdietsch: Fensta n Polabian: våknü n Polish: okno (pl) n Portuguese: janela (pt) f Punjabi: ਖਿੜਕੀ f ( khiṛkī ) Quechua: wintana Rajasthani: बारी ( bārī ) Romani: felyastra f Romanian: fereastră (ro) f Romansch: fanestra f Russian: окно́ (ru) n ( oknó ) , око́шко (ru) n ( okóško ) ( diminutive ) Rusyn: окно́ n ( oknó ) Rwanda-Rundi: idirishya 5 or 6 , idirisha Samoan: fa'amalama Sanskrit: वातायन (sa) n ( vātāyana ) Sardinian: fentana f , fontana , vantana , balcone , balconi , barcone , barconi , bracone , bracone Saterland Frisian: Finster Scots: windae , winnock , wyndok Scottish Gaelic: uinneag f Serbo-Croatian: Cyrillic: прозор m , окно n , обло n , пенџер m Roman: prozor (sh) m , okno (sh) n , oblo (sh) n , pendžer (sh) m Shan: please add this translation if you can Shor: кӧзнек ( köznek ) Sicilian: finestra (scn) f Sindhi: کِڙڪيِ f ( khirkī ) , دري ‎ Sinhalese: ජනේලය ( janēlaya ) Slovak: okno (sk) n , oblok m Slovene: okno (sl) n Slovincian: vʉ̀ɵ̯knɵ n Somali: dariishad f , daaqad f , shubaako f Sorbian: Lower Sorbian: wokno n Upper Sorbian: wokno n Sotho: fenstere (st) Southern Altai: кӧзнӧк ( köznök ) Southern Sami: klaase Southern Thai: please add this translation if you can Spanish: ventana (es) f Sranan Tongo: fensre Swahili: dirisha (sw) Swedish: fönster (sv) n , ruta (sv) , vindöga (sv) , glugg (sv) Tagalog: durungawan , bintana (tl) Tai Dam: please add this translation if you can Tai Nüa: please add this translation if you can Tajik: тиреза (tg) ( tireza ) Tamil: சன்னல் (ta) ( caṉṉal ) , சாளரம் (ta) ( cāḷaram ) Taos: łòxwóloną Tatar: тәрәзә (tt) ( täräzä ) Telugu: కిటికీ (te) ( kiṭikī ) Thai: หน้าต่าง (th) ( nâa-dtàang ) Tibetan: སྒེ་ཁུང ( sge khung ) Tigrinya: መስኮት ( mäskot ) Tocharian B: patstsāṅk Turkish: pencere (tr) , cam (tr) Turkmen: penjire Tuvan: көзенек ( közenek ) Udmurt: укно ( ukno ) Ugaritic: 𐎈𐎍𐎐 ( ḥln ) Ukrainian: вікно́ (uk) n ( viknó ) , віко́нце n ( vikónce ) ( diminutive ) Umbundu: ombando Urdu: کھڑکی f ( khiṛkī ) Uyghur: دېرىزە ( dërize ) Uzbek: deraza (uz) Venetian: finestra (vec) f , fenestra f , balcon (vec) m , barcon m Veps: ikun Vietnamese: cửa sổ (vi) Volapük: fenät (vo) , ( obsolete ) litöp Voro: akõn Votic: akkuna Walloon: finiesse (wa) f Welsh: ffenest (cy) f West Flemish: veister n West Frisian: ramte White Hmong: please add this translation if you can Wolof: palanteer Xhosa: ifestile 9 or 10 Yagnobi: тиреза ( tireza ) Yakut: түннүк ( tünnük ) Yiddish: פֿענצטער m ( fentster ) Yoruba: fèrèsé , ojú afẹ́fẹ́ Yup'ik: egaleq Zazaki: teqa (diq) Zhuang: cangqhuz , conghcueng , conghgeuq , laezmboemj , lienghcueng , liengh Zulu: ifasitela (zu) 5 or 6 shop window see shop window period of time Afrikaans: venster Azerbaijani: ara (az) Czech: okno (cs) n Danish: tidsrum (da) n , interval n Dutch: interval (nl) n Esperanto: intervalo (eo) Estonian: ajavahemik (et) Finnish: jakso (fi) , ikkuna (fi) French: fenêtre (fr) f German: Intervall (de) n , Zeitraum (de) m , Zeitspanne (de) f , Zeitfenster (de) n Italian: finestra (it) f Lithuanian: langas (lt) m Luxembourgish: Intervall m , Zäitraum m , Zäitspann f Norwegian: Bokmål: vindu (no) n Nynorsk: vindauge (nn) n , vindauge (nn) n Portuguese: intervalo (pt) m (período de tempo) Romanian: perioadă de timp f , interval (ro) n (de timp) Russian: окно́ (ru) n ( oknó ) Slovak: okno (sk) n Swedish: fönster (sv) n Ukrainian: вікно́ (uk) n ( viknó ) area on a computer screen Afrikaans: venster Arabic: نَافِذَة f ( nāfiḏa ) Egyptian Arabic: ويندو m ( windō ) Armenian: պատուհան (hy) ( patuhan ) Bulgarian: прозо́рец (bg) ( prozórec ) Catalan: finestra (ca) f Chinese: Mandarin: 窗口 (zh) ( chuāngkǒu ) , 視窗 (zh) , 视窗 (zh) ( shìchuāng ) Czech: okno (cs) n Danish: vindue (da) n Dutch: venster (nl) n Esperanto: fenestro (eo) Estonian: aken (et) Finnish: ikkuna (fi) French: fenêtre (fr) f German: Fenster (de) n Greek: παράθυρο (el) n ( paráthyro ) Hungarian: ablak (hu) Icelandic: gluggi (is) m Ido: fenestro (io) Indonesian: jendela (id) Italian: finestra (it) f Japanese: ウィンドウ (ja) ( windō ) Latin: fenestra (la) , fenestrae pl Latvian: logs (lv) m Lithuanian: langas (lt) m Luxembourgish: Fënster (lb) f Macedonian: прозорец m ( prozorec ) Malay: tetingkap Norwegian: Bokmål: vindu (no) n Nynorsk: vindauge (nn) n , vindauga (nn) n Polish: okno (pl) n , okienko (pl) n Portuguese: janela (pt) f Romanian: fereastră (ro) f Russian: окно́ (ru) n ( oknó ) Serbo-Croatian: prozor (sh) m Slovene: okno (sl) Spanish: ventana (es) f Swedish: fönster (sv) n Turkish: pencere (tr) Ukrainian: вікно́ (uk) n ( viknó ) Vietnamese: cửa sổ (vi) Zazaki: teqa (diq) seat beside a window Finnish: ikkunapaikka (fi) French: fenêtre (fr) , côté fenêtre m The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations . Translations to be checked Guaraní: ( 1 ) (please verify ) ovetã Ido: ( 1,2 ) (please verify ) fenestro (io) Indonesian: (please verify ) jendela (id) Interlingua: ( 1,3 ) (please verify ) fenestra , ( 2 ) (please verify ) vitrina , ( 3 ) (please verify ) intervallo

Verb [ edit ]

window ( third-person singular simple present windows , present participle windowing , simple past and past participle windowed )

( transitive ) To furnish with windows. ( transitive ) To place at or in a window. c. 1606–1607 , William Shakespeare , “ The Tragedie of Anthonie and Cleopatra ”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies ( First Folio ), London: [ ] Isaac Iaggard , and Ed[ward] Blount , published 1623, OCLC 606515358 , [Act IV, scene xiii]: Wouldst thou be windowed in great Rome and see / Thy master thus with pleach'd arms, bending down / His corrigible neck? Retrieved from " https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=window&oldid=63109733 " Categories : English terms inherited from Middle English English terms derived from Middle English English terms derived from Old Norse English compound words English 2-syllable words English terms with IPA pronunciation English terms with audio links English lemmas English nouns English uncountable nouns English countable nouns English terms with quotations en:Architecture English terms with usage examples en:Graphical user interface en:Medicine en:Military English terms with historical senses English verbs English transitive verbs en:Construction Hidden categories: Requests for references for etymologies in English entries Moroccan Arabic redlinks Moroccan Arabic redlinks/t Requests for translations into Extremaduran Requests for translations into Isan Terms with redundant transliterations Terms with redundant transliterations/krc Terms with redundant transliterations/kum Requests for translations into Lü Requests for translations into Northern Thai Requests for translations into Shan Requests for translations into Southern Thai Requests for translations into Tai Dam Requests for translations into Tai Nüa Requests for translations into White Hmong Danish redlinks Danish redlinks/t+ Requests for review of Guaraní translations Requests for review of Ido translations Requests for review of Indonesian translations Requests for review of Interlingua translations

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